The Sahara was once a grassland region teeming with animal and human life. The caves of the Sahara have some of the most important prehistoric cave art in the world. More than 15000 drawings and engravings record the climatic changes, animal migrations, and the evolution of human life from 6000 BC to the first centuries of the present era.
This companion website to the PBS series illustrates that Africa is a continent of magnificent treasures and cultures -- from the breathtaking stone architecture of 1,000-year-old ruins in South Africa to an advanced 16th century international university in Timbuktu.
The most prosperous period of Nubian civilization was that of the kingdom of Kush, which endured from about 800 BC to about 320 AD. During this time, the Nubians of Kush would at one point, assume rule over all of Nubia as well as Upper and Lower Egypt.
Kerma was the capital city of the Kerma Culture, which was located in present-day Sudan at least 5500 years ago. Kerma is one of the largest archaeological sites in ancient Nubia.
This Discovery Channel presents the magnificence of ancient Nubia - rival empire to Egypt on the Nile River.
The Aksumite Empire was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from the fourth century B.C.E. to achieve prominence by the first century C.E. It is also the alleged resting place of the Ark of the Covenant and the home of the Queen of Sheba.
In the heart of Ethiopia eleven medieval monolithic churches were carved out of rock. Their building is attributed to King Lalibela who set out to construct in the 12th century a 'New Jerusalem', after Muslim conquests halted Christian pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
Nok Culture spanned the end of the Neolithic (Stone Age) and start of the Iron Age in sub-Saharan Africa, and may be the oldest organized society in sub-Saharan Africa;
Literally translated to "ancient Djenné", it is the original site of Djenné, Mali and considered to be among the oldest urbanized centers and the best known archaeology site in sub-Saharan Africa.
Old Towns of Djenné -UNESCO
Home of the prestigious Koranic Sankore University and other madrasas, Timbuktu was an intellectual and spiritual capital and a centre for the propagation of Islam throughout Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Historian Gus Casely-Hayford travels to Ghana to explore a remarkable civilisation built on gold and slavery. He visits the haunting former slave forts of Cape Coast and Elmina before heading inland in search of the mythical birthplace of the Asante people.